Aerial roots.These are put out be may larger Echeverias and are a means of stabilizing the plant as well as obtain extra nutrition once they develop. Healthy plants often grow aerial roots
Beheading. The removal of the entire top of the Echeveria plant for propagation.
Carunculations. These are the feature, warty lumps on some Echeveria hybrid leaves. They are not usually present on juvenile leaves. These carunculations usually come in two colours: blue/green or red/purple tones.Varigated types sometimes also appear rarely.
Crenate Having a notched edge. Also crimped
Crimped A leaf style having a notched, frayed-looking edge.
Crest or cristate. When a stem grows in a vertically flattened form, usually with many branches, so that a head like a fan-shape develops. This can give a most attractive appearance to a plant, but watch that the shoots have the same characteristics, or the plant may revert to it's more natural form as the normal growth is more rapid than the crested form. Cause unknown, occurs in the wild also.
Frilled A leaf style with tight corrugations on the edges.
Hybrid.The result of crossing two or more species of one plant, with the characteristics of both showing in varying degrees in the new hybrid plant.
F1 hybrid = the first generation of a hybrid crossing
F2 hybrid = the second generation of a hybrid crossing etc.
Lunate Shaped like a crescent moon.
Pruinose coating. An attractive,shiny,waxy coating on the leaves of many Echeverias.
Recurved (of the leaf margin) Curved or curled downwards, but not enclosing the undersurface.
Reflexed bent at an angle away from the stem.
Retuse blunt or rounded and with a shallow notch.
Rosette.Leaves which appear to come from a single growing point, at the tops of stems.
Ruffled.Leaf style with large waves on the edges.
Spatulate Shaped like a spoon. The end of the leave is broad.
Succulent.A plant specially adapted to store water in the stems and leaves as a drought survival strategy.
var.A standard label abbreviation for 'variety'.